Baking powder is a mixture of acid and alkali which helps dough and batter to rise. It is a fine white powder. Baking powder forms an essential part in many recipes. Especially baking is impossible without baking powder. It lightens the texture of dough or batter by releasing carbon dioxide in the mixture. Thus it makes the final product fluffy and light. Food manufacturer Alfred Bird of Birmingham started manufacturing baking powder in 1843. It is just an alternative to yeast. It causes the same fermentation in the dough or batter as yeast. As, it is a dry powder; hence, it is easy to store. It lasts for an extended period when kept in proper condition.
How To Use?
For two cups of flour half teaspoon of baking powder is used. Measurements of using baking soda can vary depending upon the thickness of the batter. Also, you can add baking soda as per the texture you require of the item you are making. It is sometimes referred to as baking soda too. You need it for making cakes, cookies, bread, and other baked items.
On adding this powder to a mixture, it becomes crispy and fluffy. Otherwise, the dough won’t rise and will become hard. This will leave it bad and not edible. Thus proper use of baking powder is essential. Also adding too much of this ingredient will break the item while baking. The thing you are cooking will become shapeless. Using other acids along with it, will spoil your mixture. So if there is a necessity to use this powder along with any other acid as ingredients, you should reduce its quantity.
Effectiveness of Baking Powder
If you have a container of baking powder lying over a long time in your kitchen and you want to know if it is still effective or not. You can test it by adding half teaspoon powder in hot water. If it bubbles vigorously then, it is useful.
The quantity of this powder depends on the amount of mixture for bake. A standard ratio for using baking powder is 5gm for every 120gm of flour. Bakers use more of this in cake and a less quantity for cookies. Pastries, eclairs, doughnuts all are made using this. It is an essential ingredient for making all baking items. You cannot make any bread without baking powder or yeast. Some people who prefer being completely vegetarian do not prefer using yeast, so it is their ultimate option.
Concluding With Other Uses
Apart from baking and uses in food preparation, it has other purposes as well. It can be used as a home remedy for treating acidity. Thus for a solution to acidity take a glass of cold water then add a teaspoon of baking soda and drink. You can use it as a mouthwash and for whitening your teeth. Brushing your teeth with baking soda and warm water whitens your teeth and freshens breath. Baking soda bath is a relief for itchy skin and sunburns. Thus it has many uses.